Primary amine preparations

Convert ethanol to 2-ethyl-2-methylbutamine

ethanol to 2-ethyl-2-methylbutamine

Amines are prepared by reaction of alkyl halides and ammonia. If we want to derive primary amine, excess NH3 should be reacted with alkyl halides. There is four carbon chains around one carbon atom in the 2-ethyl-2-methylbutamine.
We know, grignard reagent can be used to extend carbon chains.
Grignard reagent reacts with aldehydes, ketones and and more.

KOH(in alcoholic medium) reacts with alkyl halides and give alkenes(or alkynes if there are two halogen and hydrogen atoms in adjacent carbon atoms).

ethanol to 2-ethyl-2-methylbutamine translation

Lewis structures

P2O5 lewis structure OH- lewis structure Ammonium ion (NH4+) lewis structure H2CO3 lewis structure