Preparing aniline from nitrobenzene | reduction of nitrobenzene

Nitrobenzene is reduced to get aniline in organic chemistry. Aniline is very important organic chemical in organic chemistry becuase it is used to produce more organic compounds. This is just one step reaction.

Reduction of nitrobenzene to aniline is oxidation reducing reaction. (redox)

Preparing steps of aniline from nitrobenzene

Nitrobenzene is reduced to aniline salt by Sn / concentrated HCl. Instead of Tin zinc or iron can be used too to reduce nitrobenze to aniline.

nitrobenezene and Sn HCl reaction

Aniline salt and NaOH reaction

Aniline is taken from aniline salt by reacting it with NaOH. This is an weak acid and strong base reaction.

aniline salt and NaOH reaction

Nitrobenzene to aniline

Preparing aniline from nitrobenzene

Are there any phase changes during this reaction?

Both nitrobenzene and aniline are liquids at room temperature.

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Aniline reactions, physical properties Phenol Benzene Organic Chemistry - Advanced Level Organic Chemistry Conversions Questions