In this tutorial, we will learn and see about structure of urea and reactions.
Urea is an amide compound and has two -NH2 groups connecting to the carbonyl group.
Urea show different reactions with different compounds and have important applications in the world.
Ammonia and sodium carbonate are given as products by the reaction of urea and NaOH. You can test ammonia gas by several experiments.
Urea and formaldehyde (HCOH) react in acidic medium to give urea-formaldehyde polymer. urea-formaldehyde polymer is very firm and used to manufacture wood adhesives.
Nitrous acid (HNO2) is an oxoacid of nitrogen which is at +3 oxidation state.
Carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen gas (N2) and water (H2O) are the products, given by the reaction of urea and nitrous acid (HNO2).
An amide compound, carbon dioxide, and ammonia gas are given as the products after reacting urea with carboxylic acids.