In this tutorial, we will learn and see about structure of urea and reactions.
Urea is an amide compound and has two amide (-NH2) groups connecting to the carbonyl group.
Urea show different reactions with different compounds and have important applications in the world.
Urea and formaldehyde (HCOH) react in acidic medium to give urea-formaldehyde polymer. urea-formaldehyde polymer is very firm and used to manufacture wood adhesives.
Nitrous acid (HNO2) is an oxoacid of nitrogen which is at +3 oxidation state.
Carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen gas (N2) and water (H2O) are the products, given by the reaction of urea and nitrous acid (HNO2).
An amide compound, carbon dioxide, and ammonia gas are given as the products after reacting urea with carboxylic acids.
Questions and Answers
Urea's chemical formula is NH2CONH2. According to the chemical formula of urea, there are one carbon atom, two nitrogen atoms, one oxygen atom and four hydrogen atoms. All together, there are total eight atoms.