Ammonium salts and alkali reaction | NH4Cl + NaOH

All ammonium salts and alkalis reaction release ammonia (NH3) gas when heated with a strong alkali. NaOH, KOH can be used as strong alkalis. Releasing ammonia can be identified by several methods.

Testing ammonia gas

Strong aqueous alkali (bases)

  • Lithium hydroxide - LiOH(aq)
  • Sodium hydroxide - NaOH(aq)
  • Potassium hydroxide - KOH(aq)
  • Barium hydroxide - Ba(OH)2(aq)

These alkalis dissociate completely in water and give high OH- concentration to the water.

Ammonium chloride and sodium hydroxide reaction| NH4Cl + NaOH = NH3 + NaCl + H2O

Ammonia, sodium chloride (NaCl) and water are given as products when ammonium chloride is heated with aqueous sodium hydroxide ( NaOH(aq) ). Aqueous ammonium chloride has weak acidic charactristics.

ammonium chloride and sodium hydroxide reaction

Ammonium salt and alkali reaction mechanism

Hydrohen atoms of ammonium ion have a small positive charge. Therefore electrons of oxygen atom in the hydroxyl ion attacks that hydrogen atom. Then, one N-H bond is broken and that N-H electrons go towards the nitrogen atom. It forms an ammonia molecule. Also broken hydrogen atom is taken by oxygen atom which forms new O-H bond to form a water (H2O) molecule.

Ammonium salt and alkali reaction mechanism

Ammonium chloride and barium hydroxide reaction - NH4Cl + Ba(OH)2

When barium hydroxide is added to the ammonium chloride on heating, ammonia is released. As other product barium chloride (BaCl2) and water are given.

What are the safety tips you should aqare of before this experiment?

You know, ammonia gas is released in this reaction. First, read MSDS ( Material Safety Data Sheets ) to get what are the effects of ammonia and take the actions to prevent those accidents or injuries.

  • Wear gloves, masks and goggles to protect your hands and eyes.


weak bases when react with ammonium chloride

Calcium hydroxide is a weak base. But, when aqueous calcium hydroxide solution is added to ammonium chloride solution, ammonia gas can be released. Heating is required to occur the reaction and emit ammonia.

Is ammonia released everytime in ammonium salt + aqueous strong alkali reaction?

yes. Every ammonium salts react with aqueous strong alkali and release ammonia gas.

extent of reaction caustic and ammonium chloride ?

Caustic solution can release ammonia from ammonium chloride when reactant mixture is heated.

Is base + ammonium salt reaction is a redox reaction?

No, This reaction does not change oxidation states of atoms. In ammonium cation and ammonia, oxidation number of nitrogen atom is -3.

What will be the ammonium hydroxide and NaCl reaction?

Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) is a weak base and NaCl is a salt. There is no releasing of ammonia gas when ammonium hydroxide is mixed with NaCl.

ammonium chloride + sodium hydroxide will form precipitate with ammonia gas?

When we observe products of the reaction, sodium chloride is a soluble salt in water, and ammonia is a gas. Then, no precipitate is given in the reaction.

ammonia sodium hydroxide reactions?

Aqueous ammonia does not reacts with sodium hydroxide. But in aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, aqueous amoonia solution dissolves well. However, equilibrium point of ammonia dissociation decreases due to presence of strong base, NaOH.

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