There are hundreds of aliphatic alkane compounds in the world and they are widely used for a lot of applications. In petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel and other, there are alkanes compounds. We can list out alkane compounds according to the number of carbon atoms.
Content - physical properties of alkane compounds
We know, there are isomers for a specific molecular formula. That means, for one molecular formula , there may be several compounds with different physical and chemical characteristics.
As an example, for the molecular formula C4H10, we can identify the following alkane compounds.
We will arrange the alkane list according to the number of carbon atoms. When the number of carbon atoms is increased, the number of isomers is increased too.
Methane is the only alkane compound which has only one carbon atom found in organic chemistry.
Ethane - Ethane is the only isomer that can be drawn for an alkane which has two numbers of carbon atoms.
Propane - As Ethane, Propane is the only isomer that can be drawn for an alkane which has three numbers of carbon atoms.
By observing the above listing of alkane compounds for alkane compounds, you can understand how many alkane compounds there are in the world. If we consider molecular formula such as C20H22, can you estimate how many alkane compounds for that?