Organic Chemistry Isomerism Questions and Answers and Example - Advanced Level
There are several models in organic chemistry questions. Specially, isomerism questions of organic chemistry are based on
selecting exact structures for a given specific chemical formula.
In this tutorial, answers for each isomerism questions are explained in detail your understanding. In this type of question pattern,
understanding of organic chemistry reactions is a key factor.
Question 1: Identify isomers for C4H10O
A is an aliphatic organic compound. It's molecular formula is C4H10O. This A compound does not
hold optical isomerism. Also A does not react with aqueous NaOH solution and Sodium metal.
Draw all possible structures of A.
One of A's isomerism can be prepared by using only following reagents. Identify that isomerism and complete
the block diagram of conversion.
Answer for Question 1
1. Given data and observations should be deeply analyzed by step by step to make decisions on selection of structures and type of compound.
(such as an alkane or an alkene or a carboxylic acid).
This given organic compound A contains only single oxygen atom. Therefore we can assume A can be an alcohol, an ether,
an aldehyde and or a ketone.
It's mentioned that, that A does not react with
Sodium metal or aqueous NaOH solution.
Alcohols reacts with metallic sodium. Therefore A cannot be an alcohol.